Manufacturer: Johnson & Johnson manufactures Sporanox - Itraconazole .
The uses of Sporanox - Itraconazole include:
Itraconazole capsules contain the active ingredient itraconazole, which is a type of medicine called a triazole antifungal. It is used to treat infections caused by fungi.
Itraconazole works by preventing fungi from producing a substance called ergosterol, which is an essential component of fungal cell membranes.
The cell membranes of fungi are vital for their survival. They keep unwanted substances from entering the cells and stop the contents of the cells from leaking out. Without ergosterol as part of the cell membrane, the membrane is weakened and damaged, and essential constituents of the fungal cells can leak out. This kills the fungi and hence clears up the infection.
Itraconazole is used to treat a number of different types of fungal infections, including those of the genitals, mouth and skin. It is also useful for treating systemic (whole body) fungal infections and to prevent them from developing in people with an underactive immune system (for example, due to AIDS).
Itraconazole capsules are taken by mouth. Alternatively, itraconazole may be administered via a drip into a vein (intravenous infusion) depending on the type and severity of the infection. The length of treatment will also depend on the type and severity of the infection.
What is it used for?
Fungal skin infections such as athlete's foot (tinea pedis), ringworm (tinea corporis), jock itch (tinea cruris), or pityriasis versicolor.
Vaginal thrush (vulvovaginal candidiasis).
Oral thrush (oropharyngeal candidiasis).
Fungal nail infections.
Fungal infection called histoplasmosis.
Systemic fungal infections caused by Cryptococcus fungi (cryptococcosis), including cryptococcal meningitis.
Systemic fungal infections caused by Aspergillus fungi (aspergillosis).
Systemic fungal infections caused by Candida fungi (candidiasis).
Preventing systemic fungal infections in people with AIDS or a low white blood cell count (neutropenia).